An improvement in adult learning and educational achievement===Chain of Events===
An improvement in the educational attainment of adults can result in other areas of improvement, such as an increase in self esteem.
This outcome is intrinsic - valued by and related primarily to individuals (vs extrinsic: can be measured or valued by other people) - and is of benefit to the individual specifically (vs having benefit to society).
Parents feel calmer, less anxious/ more hopeful, confident, less angry.===Chain of Events===
Parents feel calmer, less anxious/ more hopeful, confident, less angry, less reliant on drink/drugs.
Leadig to better relationships, communication, and improved family life.
Stronger family union, less parent-child separation.